The EORI number (Economic Operators Registration and Identification number) was introduced to identify economic operators within the EU in a uniform way, regarding their relation and interaction with the customs authorities and can be seen as a kind of “customs number”. The main idea is to simplify the customs clearance which has become more and more automated. The EORI number is essential for all correspondence between the operator and the authorities, no matter if applications, declarations or other documents. It consists of 17 characters and usually, there are a few exceptions, the first and the second character are the country code. As an economic operator in Europe you have to check the validity of the number for every dispatch into the customs territory of the European Union. However, private persons are not affected by this regulation.
EORI number – Registration
The first step to get an EORI number is to submit a registration application which has to be completed online. After the application has been handed in, you will receive an e-mail with the application information which has to be printed out, signed and then returned to the customs office which is responsible for the prevailing registered office. This is now the ‘real’ application and it has to be sent back by post (or fax) and is not possible online.